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Women of the Hall

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Year Honored: 1998
Birth: 1819 - Death: 1910
Born In: New York,
Died In: Rhode Island,
Achievements: Humanities
Educated In: New York
Schools Attended:
Worked In: New York, Massachusetts, Kansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, California

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Julia Ward Howe

Julia Ward Howe, author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," was a pioneer in literature and women's rights. As a writer, poet, reformer, and lecturer, Howe worked throughout her life for justice. In 1861, she authored "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," as an inspiration to Union soldiers fighting against slavery. More importantly, she helped found the New England Women's Club, which later became the American Woman Suffrage Association. Throughout the later 19th and early 20th centuries, Howe lectured and wrote on women's rights. She fought for the right to vote and to liberate women from the confinement of the traditional "woman's place" in stifling marriages like her own, where none of her ideas were ever valued. She also worked for world peace, founding the American Friends of Russian Freedom in 1891 and serving as a president of the United Friends of Armenia in 1894. In 1907, Howe became the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. As stated in her citation for an honorary Smith College degree, she was a "Poet and patriot, lover of letters and learning‚ a sincere friend of all that makes for the elevation and enrichment of women."
Additional Sources:


Grant, Mary Hetherington. Private woman, public person: an account of the life of Julia Ward Howe from 1819-1868. Brooklyn, New York: Carlson Pub., 1994. NOTES: ""Scholarship in women's history"" series; v. 5. Revision of thesis (Ph.D.)-George Washington University, 1982. Includes bibliographical references (p. 205-252) and index.

Clifford, Deborah Pickman. Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory: a biography of Julia Ward Howe. Boston: Little, Brown, c1979. NOTES: ""An Atlantic Monthly Press book"" series. Includes index. Bibliographpy: p. 298-303.

Eliot, Maud H. and Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards. Julia Ward Howe, 1819 to 1910. Cherokee Coompany, Reprint Edition, 1997.

Williams, Gary. Hungry Heart: the Literary Emergence of Julia Ward Howe. University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.

Passion Flowers. Boston: Ticknor, Reed, and Fields, 1854. 3rd edition.

The Life of Margaret Fuller Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1883.

Reminiscences 1819-1899. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1899.

Is Polite Society Polite? And Other Essays. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1895.

Papers 1861-1917, 2 ft. (ca. 1500 items). Library of Congress, Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C.