Honored: 2005 (1889 - 1970)
Born in Rochester, New York, Scott was a pioneering aviatrix, becoming the first American woman to take a solo hop into the air, although her flight is not regarded as official. In 1910, she became the first woman to drive an automobile coast to coast in her car - the ‚"Lady Overland". Scott was also the first and only woman to take flying lessons from Glenn Curtiss, later flying with the Curtiss Exhibition Team and earning the nickname ‚"Tomboy of the Air".
Honored: 1982 (1859 - 1947)
Tenacious women's suffrage organizer whose efforts at the helm of the National American Women Suffrage Association put forth the "winning plan" that led to state-by-state enactments of suffrage and the final victory in 1920.
Honored: 1994 (1916 - 1996)
"The midwife of the contemporary women's movement," as described by Betty Friedan. East was a key staffer on President John F. Kennedy's first-ever Presidential Commission on the Status of Women in the 1960s. East persuaded Friedan and others to create the National Organization for Women to lead the drive to eliminate gender discrimination.
Honored: 2007 (1896 - 1994)
Known for her visionary work in education, arts, politics and women's affairs, Catherine Filene Shouse was the first woman to receive a Masters Degree in Education from Harvard University and the first woman appointed to the Democratic National Committee in 1919. Ten years later, she launched the Institute for Women's Professional Relations. An ardent supporter of the arts and arts education, Catherine Filene Shouse founded and was the major benefactor of the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts in Vienna, Virginia - the first and only national park dedicated to the performing arts. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Gerald R. Ford in 1977.
Honored: 1996 (1944 - )
Founder and director of the Center for Women's Global Leadership at Rutgers University. Bunch has helped shape the global feminist movement and created consciousness about gender-based human rights. She is also a leader in national and international networking and advocacy for women.
Honored: 1994 (1860 - 1935)
Philosopher, writer, educator and activist who demanded equal treatment for women as the best means to advance society's progress. Her landmark Women and Economics (1898) argued that until women gained economic independence, real autonomy and equity could not be achieved.
Honored: 1998 (1912 - 1997)
Nuclear scientist whose pioneering work altered modern physical theory and changed the accepted view of the structure of the universe. A Columbia University Professor Emeritus, her experiment disproved a supposedly fundamental law of nature. She was one of the few women to be made President of the American Physical Society.
Honored: 1973 (1821 - 1912)
Founder of the American Red Cross, Barton ministered to injured soldiers during the Civil War and became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield." Devoted to the organization, she later took to the field, providing relief in the Spanish American War at the age of 77.
Honored: 1993 (1921 - 2005)
Attorney and jurist who, after performing landmark work with the NAACP with Thurgood Marshall and others, became the first African American woman elected to the New York State Senate. Motley was the first woman and African American to become Manhattan Borough President; she was the first African American women named to the federal bench.
Honored: 2011 (1927 - 2006)
One of the most celebrated champions of human and civil rights, Coretta Scott King, in partnership with her husband, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., ignited democracy movements worldwide. For over forty years, King traveled extensively as a messenger of peace, justice and social action. Notably, in 1974, she formed and co-chaired the National Committee for Full Employment, formed the Coalition of Conscience (1983), and co-convened the Soviet-American Women’s Summit (1990). In 1969, she became the founding president, chair and chief executive officer of The King Center, the first institution built in memory of an African American leader. As a lifelong advocate for non-violence and coalition building, King’s legacy will continue to serve as an example for years to come.