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Women of the Hall

Year Honored: 1973
Birth: 1900 - Death: 1993
Born In: ,
Died In: ,
Achievements: Arts
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Helen Hayes

Helen Hayes was known as America's premier actress and dubbed, "First Lady of the Theatre." She has described herself as an ordinary woman who led an extraordinary life. But, how many others entered the theatre at age five and at age nine experienced her first hit on Broadway. In 1911 she returned to Washington D.C. to resume acting with the Columbia Players and to finish school at the Sacred Heart Convent. Following a long run of Pollyanna from 1916 - 1918, she began a long and distinguished career. The first actress to earn the coveted Tony award, she performed in more than eighty plays and was the first woman to have two successive Broadway theatres bear her name. Entering the world of motion pictures, Helen Hayes then became the first actress from the stage to win an Academy Award, and the first person to win an Oscar in two categories, Best Actress (The Sin of Madelon Claudet, 1931) and Best Supporting Actress (Airport, 1970). Her 88 years as an actress spanned theatre, film, radio and television. Considered "a trouper" with grace and good humor, Hayes possessed none of the airs of a temperamental star and became a perennial favorite with audiences. From 1928 to his death in 1956, Helen Hayes was married to playwright Charles McArthur.
Additional Sources:

Murphy, Donn B. and Stephen Moore. Helen Hayes: A Bio Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenworrd Press, 1993.

Barrow, Kenneth. Helen Hayes, first lady of the American theater. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1985.

Compiled by Hayes: A Gathering of Hope Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.

With Marion Glasserow Gladney. Loving Life Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1987.

With Katherine Hatch. My Life in Three Act San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1990.

With Lewis Funke. A Gift of Joy. New York: M. Evens, 1965.

With Sanford Dody. On Reflection: An Autobiography. New York: M. Evens. 1968.

Papers of Florence Jaffray Hurst 1857-1982. Correspondence with Hayes. Library of Congress, Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C.

Papers of Vincent Price 1883-1992. Correspondence with Hayes. Library of Congress, Manuscript Division. Washington D.C.