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Women of the Hall

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Year Honored: 1973
Birth: 1860 - Death: 1935
Born In: Illinois,
Died In: Illinois,
Achievements: Humanities
Educated In: Illinois, Pennsylvania
Schools Attended: Rockford Female Seminary, Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania
Worked In: Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Hawaii

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Jane Addams

Jane Addams was one of the first generation of American women to attend college. After graduation, unmarried,she struggled to find a career and a purpose. Finally in London she discovered Toynbee Hall and the cause to which she would devote her life: the settlement house. In 1889 she and a college friend moved into the slums of Chicago. They called their dilapidated old mansion Hull House.

Soon a nationwide settlement house movement sprang up. Jane Addams spoke and wrote widely about settlement work. Her vivid stories made the plight of the poor heartbreakingly immediate. She prodded America to respond to the terrible ills of industrial development: child labor, infant mortality, urban crowding and unsanitary conditions, unsafe workplaces, juvenile delinquency, unemployment, and poverty wages.

Her pacifism during World War I caused Jane Addams's reputation to suffer. In the hysterical intolerance of the "Red Scare" she was branded "the most dangerous woman in America" by self-appointed superpatriots. But her accomplishments could not be denied. Calmer times brought renewed recognition, capped by the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
Additional Sources:

Davis, Allen Freeman. American Heroine: The Life and Legend of Jane Addams. New York: Oxford Press, 1973. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references.

Levine, Daniel. Jane Addams and the Liberal Tradition. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980, c1971. NOTES: Reprint of the edition published by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison. Includes index. Bibliography: p. 265-272.

Newer Ideals of Peace. Reprint, Peace Movement in American Series. New York: J.S. Ozer, 1972, c1907.

Twenty Years at Hull House. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1990. Reprint, with introduction and notes by James Hurt. Prairie State Books.

The Second Twenty Years at Hull House. New York: Macmillan Company, 1930.

Papers 1838-[ongoing], bulk 1838-1935. 130 linear ft. Swathmore College, Swathmore College Peace Collection. Swathmore, Pennsylvania.

Paper 1904-1935, ca. 1960. 1 ft (ca. 500 items). Smith College, Sophia Smith Collection, William Allan Neilson Library. Northampton, Massachusetts.