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Women of the Hall

Year Honored: 1973
Birth: 1892 - Death: 1973
Born In: West Virginia, United States of America
Died In: Vermont, United States of America
Achievements: Arts
Educated In: Virginia, New York
Schools Attended: Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Cornell University
Worked In: Virginia, Pennsylvania, Vermont, New York

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Pearl S. Buck

Pearl Sydenstricker was the child of American missionaries. She grew up in China and was always "mentally bifocal", as she put it. Becoming a writer at an early age, she married John Buck, an American agricultural expert in China, and bore a daughter. Her family was caught up in the turmoil of modern China, and in 1927 she narrowly escaped with her life from an angry mob, leaving behind an early manuscript.

Her novel, The Good Earth (1931), rocketed her from obscurity to international fame. The Good Earth headed the best seller list for months, sold nearly two million copies, and was translated into thirty languages. It inspired a Broadway play and a Hollywood film, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. In 1938, having published several other novels, she won the Nobel Prize in literature.

Pearl Buck continued to be a remarkably productive writer. A born storyteller, she took plot and character ideas from two different cultures, and her writings shone with universal human appeal. Her many books always sold well, though the quality was sometimes uneven. She wrote a book about her father, her mother, and even, courageously, about her daughter's mental retardation. Late in life she turned more to philanthropy, especially to the cause of East-West understanding.
Additional Sources:

Conn, Peter J. Pearl S. Buck: a cultural biography.Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge Press, 1996. Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p.383-450) and index.

Harris, Theodore F. Pearl S. Buck a biography. New York: John Day Co., 1969-1971. NOTES: 2 volumes, written in consultation with Buck.

East Wind, West Wind. New York: John Day Company, 1930. [Novel, first book]

The Good Earth. John Day Company, 1931.

The Rainbow. New York: John Day Co., 1974 [Novel, last book written]

The Exile. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1936. [Non-fiction]

My Several Worlds, a personal record. New York: Day, 1954. [Non-fiction]

Textual Records 1949-1951, 1948-1950, 1945-1951. Modern Military Records, National Archives at College Park. College Park, Maryland.
National Women's Hall Event in Chicago