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Women of the Hall

Year Honored: 1993
Birth: 1921 - Death: 2011
Born In: New York, United States of America
Died In: New York, United States of America
Achievements: Science
Educated In: New York, Illinois
Schools Attended: Walton High School, Hunter College, New York University, University of illinois
Worked In: New York, Illionis

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Rosalyn S. Yalow

Rosalyn Yalow was one of the nation's premier medical physicists, the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Medicine (1977) and the first woman to win the Lasker Prize (1976). Yalow's Lasker Prize and Nobel Prize were awarded for one of the century's most significant scientific discoveries. Working in radioisotopes, she and her colleague, Dr. Solomon Berson, refined a new approach - called radioimmunoassay (RIA) - using radioisotopes to analyze physiological systems. The technique used radioisotopes to "tag" certain hormones or proteins, making detailed measurements possible of previously undetected concentrations of hormones. RIA opened many doors in the study of disease and chemical responses. Rosalyn Yalow, wife and mother of two children, believed women could balance career and family life. On receiving her Nobel Prize, Yalow spoke about women in science careers: "We must believe in ourselves or no one else will believe in us...we must feel a personal responsibility to ease the path for those who come after us. The world cannot afford the loss of the talents of half its people if we are to solve the many problems that beset us."
Additional Sources:
Straus, Eugene. Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel Laureate: Her Life and and Work in Medicine: A Biographical Memoir. New York: Plenum Trade, c1998.

Kahle, Jane Butler, editor. Women in Science: A Report From the Field. Philadelphia: Falmer Press, 1985.

Amborse, Susan A. Journeys of Women in Science and Engineering: No Universal Constants. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997.

McGrayne, Sharon B. Nobel Prize Women in Science: their Lives, Struggles, and Momentous Discoveries. Carol Publishing, 1998.

Brody, Seymour. Jewish Heroes and Heroines of America: 150 True Stories of American Jewish Heroism. Hollywood, Florida: LifetimeBooks, Inc., 1996.

Editor with Jack P. Young. Radiation and Public Perception. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society, 1995.

Editor. Radioimmunoassay Stoudsburg, Pennsylvania: Hutchinson Ross Pub. Co.; New York, New York: 1983.