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Women of the Hall

Year Honored: 1973
Birth: 1821 - Death: 1912
Born In: Massachusetts, United States of America
Died In: Maryland, United States of America
Achievements: Science
Educated In: Massachusetts, New York
Schools Attended: Liberal Institute
Worked In: New Jersey, District of Columbia, Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, Massachusetts

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Clara Barton

Clara Barton taught school and worked as a clerk in the U.S. Patent Office. When she 40 years old, the outbreak of the Civil War launched her on her life's work. She began to assemble and distribute supplies to the Union soliders. Knowing that nurses were urgently needed at the battlefield, she "broke the shackles and went into the field." At Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Fairfax Court House, Fredrickburg, Antietam, and the Wilderness, she assisted the surgeons in stitching up wounds and in bloody amputations. Her life long timidity disappeared. She was calm and resourceful, always turning up with food and medical supplies just when they were needed most. Clara Barton gained national acclaim as "the angel of the battlefield," but she was also "everybody's old maid aunt," fussing over the men she called "my boys." After the war she coordinated a national effort to locate soldiers who were missing in action. Barton threw herself into relief work in Europe and was impressed with the International Red Cross. She then lobbied for United States ratification of the Red Cross Treaty. She was the founder of the American Red Cross and served for many years as its president.
Additional Sources:
A Woman of Valor: Clara Barton and the Civil War. New York: Free Press; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c 1994. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references (p. 389-511) and index.

Epler, Percy H. The Life of Clara Barton. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1915.

Barton, William E. Life of Clara Barton, Founder of the American Red Cross. 2 volumes, 1922. New York: AMS Press, 1969.

The Story of My Childhood. New York: The Baker & Taylor Company, 1907.

Papers 1836-1954, ca. 77 ft. (ca. 60,000 items). Library of Congress, Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C.