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Women of the Hall

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Year Honored: 1973
Birth: c. 1820 - Death: 1913
Born In: Maryland, United States of America
Died In: New York, United States of America
Achievements: Humanities
Educated In:
Schools Attended:
Worked In: Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, South Carolina, Virginia

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Harriet Tubman

Born a slave on the eastern shore of Maryland, she fled north to freedom. There she joined the secret network of free Blacks and white sympathizers who helped runaways - the "underground railroad." She became a 'conductor" who risked her life to lead her people to freedom. Tubman returned time after time to her native Maryland, bringing out her relatives and as many as 300 other slaves. The shadowy figure of the conductor "Moses" became so feared that a huge reward was put on "his" head, for slaveowners did not at first believe a woman capable of such daring. Cool, resourceful, skilled in the use of disguise and diversions, she is said to have carried a pistol, telling the faint-hearted they must go on or die. Apparently only illness prevented Harriet Tubman from joining John Brown in the raid on Harper's Ferry. When the Civil War began, she worked among the slaves who fled their masters and flocked to Union lines. She organized many of them into spy and scout networks that operated behind Confederate lines from bases on islands off the coast of the Carolinas. After the war she devoted herself to caring for orphaned and invalid Blacks, and worked to promote the establishment of freedmen's schools in the South.
Additional Sources:
Janney, Rebecca Price. Harriet Tubman. Minneapolis: Bethany House Publishers, 1999.

Bradford, Sarah. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. Auburn, New York: W.J. Moses, printer, 1869.

Bradford, Sarah. Harriet, the Moses of her People. New York: Printed for the author by G.R. Lockwood & Son, 1886.

Tubman Collection. Under the papers of ""Earl Conrad (1912-)."" New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. New York City, New York.
National Women's Hall Event in Chicago