Honored: 1976 (1744 - 1818)
Influential letter writer who urged her husband, President John Adams to "Remember the Ladies" and permit women to legally own property. She identified this major obstacle to women's equality, which was overcome years later.
Honored: 1994 (1920 - 1998)
Civil rights and labor attorney elected to Congress from New York City in 1970. Abzug made her career as an advocate for women, the poor and those victimized by repression. A lifelong feminist activist, she played a major role in many national and international women's conferences. Before her death, she chaired the Women's Environment and Development Organization.
Honored: 2001 (1901 - 1963)
Pediatrician and pathologist who was the first to identify cystic fibrosis and developed a simple, definitive diagnostic test for the disease.
Honored: 1993 (1884 - 1967)
Founded the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) to help older Americans cope effectively in their later years. Her organization, now 36 million members strong and a political lobbying force, helps with health insurance, career assistance and discounts for senior citizens.
Honored: 2000 (1919 - )
First nurse to hold the rank of Rear Admiral and the title of Deputy Surgeon General for the United States. She developed the first tested coronary care unit. A national pioneer in nursing research, she has authored or co-authored more than 150 publications and helped change the focus of nursing from disease-centered to patient-centered.
Honored: 2005 (1884 - 1966)
Judge Florence Ellinwood Allen was a legal pioneer, breaking barriers for women in law. Her numerous accomplishments include becoming the first American woman to hold the office of Assistant County Prosecutor, first woman judge of the highest court of a state by election (Ohio), and first female judge of a United States Circuit Court of Appeals by presidential appointment.
Honored: 1973 (1860 - 1935)
Social reformer and peace activist who created Hull House in the slums of Chicago, starting an American settlement house movement to provide help for the poor. A lifelong activist, Addams fought child labor, infant mortality and dangerous workplaces. Founder of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, she won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931.
Honored: 2003 (1951 - )
Hispanic-American businesswoman who started her own construction firm in 1976 and has broken many barriers in a historically male-dominated world. As co-owner of The Colorado Rockies baseball team, Alvarado is also the first Hispanic-American, male or female, to own a major league baseball franchise.
Honored: 1996 (1832 - 1888)
Author who produced the first literature for the mass market of juvenile girls in the 19th century. Her best-known work, Little Women
, has appeared continuously in print since its first publication in 1868-69.
Honored: 1998 (1937 - )
First female Secretary of State and highest ranking woman in the U.S. government under President Clinton. As a professor at Georgetown University, she taught undergraduate and graduate courses in international affairs and Russian and Central and Eastern European politics. In President Clinton's first term, she was the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations and a member of the National Security Council.