Honored: 1998 (1916 - 2008)
Former dean of the Yale School of Nursing and founder of the Hospice movement in America, for which she was awarded the honorary Doctorate of Medical Sciences by Yale University in 1995. As a nurse, she went to Europe to study Hospice from the ground up.
Honored: 1990 (1897 - 1991)
Scientist who made it possible to test for tuberculosis and who pioneered safe intravenous therapy. Siebert also devoted many years to cancer research.
Honored: 2005 (1884 - 1966)
Judge Florence Ellinwood Allen was a legal pioneer, breaking barriers for women in law. Her numerous accomplishments include becoming the first American woman to hold the office of Assistant County Prosecutor, first woman judge of the highest court of a state by election (Ohio), and first female judge of a United States Circuit Court of Appeals by presidential appointment.
Honored: 1982 (1880 - 1965)
Public official and first woman to hold a Presidential Cabinet office and first woman Secretary of Labor. Appointed by President Roosevelt in 1932, she served for all of his terms, 1933-1945.
Honored: 2000 (1839 - 1898)
As second president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), she led the largest organization of women in the United States. The WCTU provided a base for the 20th century women's rights movement, supporting, in addition to women's suffrage, broad social reforms such as equal pay for equal work, the eight hour day, and the protection of women and children in the workplace.
Honored: 2000 (1914 - )
A medical and pharmaceutical researcher for the Food and Drug Administration, she refused to approve the use of thalidomide in this country, saving countless babies from terrible deformities. As a result of her testimony before Congress, the 1962 drug act was passed, giving the FDA greater control over the manufacture, testing and distribution of drugs. During a career with the FDA which spanned over 39 years, her supervision of clinical investigators has institutionalized the protection of the patient in drug investigations.
Honored: 1994 (1843 - 1892)
The driving force behind the concept of today's United Way, founder of the Frances Jacobs Hospital (National Jewish Hospital for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine), an educator and philanthropist.
Honored: 1993 (1887 - 1986)
Artist and perhaps the best-known American woman painter. An American original in both her lifestyle and painting, O'Keeffe produced works of high energy and vision throughout her long life.
Honored: 1994 (1935 - 2011)
First woman nominated by a major political party as a candidate for Vice President of the United States. Chosen to serve as the running mate of Democratic Presidential Nominee Walter Mondale in 1984, Ferraro had been an Assistant District Attorney in New York and later served in the United States Congress.
Honored: 2003 (1906 - 2003)
In 1926, Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel, setting a new time record that would stand for the next 35 years. Ederle's accomplishment was a milestone as it expanded opportunity for other women in athletics.