Honored: 1996 (1862 - 1937)
American novelist and short story writer of the 20th century. The first woman to receive the Pulitzer Prize for fiction (for The Age of Innocence
, 1929), Wharton was a prolific writer who averaged more than a book a year after the age of 40 until her death.
Honored: 1998 (1881 - 1960)
Massachusetts Congresswoman who introduced the "G.I. Bill of Rights" Act and Women's Army Auxiliary Corp (WAC) legislation. The "Bill of Rights" guaranteed veterans' health and education benefits (also small business loans). In addition, it supported research and development of prosthetic appliances. Rogers pushed for equality for women in and out of military until her death.
Honored: 1995 (1956 - )
First American woman to pilot a spacecraft. A math teacher at the Air Force Academy and test pilot, Collins served as pilot of the space shuttle Discovery during a mission to rendezvous with space station Mir. In July, 1999 she became NASA's first female commander in space.
Honored: 1993 (1930 - )
Crusader for some of society's most sharply disadvantaged, children of women in prison. A Sister of St. Joseph, Roulet has created many social reform and welfare organizations. She is best known for her work at the Bedford Hills Correction Center in New York, where she enabled mothers in prison to keep their babies for a year, a program now being patterned nationwide.
Honored: 1973 (1884 - 1962)
Trailblazing First Lady and wife of President Franklin Roosevelt. She spent her adult years working in politics and social reform. Her warmth and compassion inspired the nation, and she later became U.S. Delegate to the United Nations. The U.N. Declaration of Human Rights was largely her work, and she chaired the first-ever Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (1961).
Honored: 2007 (1940 - )
As the former Dean of Engineering at Cooper Union and the Executive Director of the Cooper Union Research Foundation, Dr. Eleanor Baum is the first female engineer to be named dean of a college of engineering in the United States. In 1995, she became the first female president of the American Society for Engineering Education. An electrical engineer who has worked in the aerospace industry, Dr. Baum is a respected leader in recruitment and retention of women in the engineering profession.
Honored: 2001 (1927 - )
Former First Lady (1977-1981), Rosalynn Carter is an advocate for mental health, early childhood immunizations, human rights, conflict resolution, and health promotion worldwide.
Honored: 2007 (1926 - 2004)
After graduating from the University of Zurich medical school, Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross married and moved to the United States. She began working in hospitals, where she was appalled at the treatment of terminally ill patients. Her 1969 bestseller On Death and Dying
revolutionized the medical profession's treatment and understanding of dying patients, serving as a voice for the rights of the terminally ill. Her work was a catalyst for now commonly accepted ideas such as hospice care, living wills, and death with dignity.
Honored: 1973 (1821 - 1910)
First American woman awarded an M.D. Blackwell founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children and the Women's Medical College, after having been banned from hospitals in New York. She paved the way for women in medicine.
Honored: 1979 (1774 - 1821)
The first native-born American woman to be canonized a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. After raising a family, "Mother Seton" became a Sister of Charity and worked as an educator and leader of the order. She was known for her extraordinary virtue and kindness, and incidents of miraculous healing are attributed to her.