Honored: 1993 (1930 - )
Crusader for some of society's most sharply disadvantaged, children of women in prison. A Sister of St. Joseph, Roulet has created many social reform and welfare organizations. She is best known for her work at the Bedford Hills Correction Center in New York, where she enabled mothers in prison to keep their babies for a year, a program now being patterned nationwide.
Honored: 1973 (1884 - 1962)
Trailblazing First Lady and wife of President Franklin Roosevelt. She spent her adult years working in politics and social reform. Her warmth and compassion inspired the nation, and she later became U.S. Delegate to the United Nations. The U.N. Declaration of Human Rights was largely her work, and she chaired the first-ever Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (1961).
Honored: 2007 (1940 - )
As the former Dean of Engineering at Cooper Union and the Executive Director of the Cooper Union Research Foundation, Dr. Eleanor Baum is the first female engineer to be named dean of a college of engineering in the United States. In 1995, she became the first female president of the American Society for Engineering Education. An electrical engineer who has worked in the aerospace industry, Dr. Baum is a respected leader in recruitment and retention of women in the engineering profession.
Honored: 2001 (1927 - )
Former First Lady (1977-1981), Rosalynn Carter is an advocate for mental health, early childhood immunizations, human rights, conflict resolution, and health promotion worldwide.
Honored: 2007 (1926 - 2004)
After graduating from the University of Zurich medical school, Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross married and moved to the United States. She began working in hospitals, where she was appalled at the treatment of terminally ill patients. Her 1969 bestseller On Death and Dying
revolutionized the medical profession's treatment and understanding of dying patients, serving as a voice for the rights of the terminally ill. Her work was a catalyst for now commonly accepted ideas such as hospice care, living wills, and death with dignity.
Honored: 1973 (1821 - 1910)
First American woman awarded an M.D. Blackwell founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children and the Women's Medical College, after having been banned from hospitals in New York. She paved the way for women in medicine.
Honored: 1979 (1774 - 1821)
The first native-born American woman to be canonized a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. After raising a family, "Mother Seton" became a Sister of Charity and worked as an educator and leader of the order. She was known for her extraordinary virtue and kindness, and incidents of miraculous healing are attributed to her.
Honored: 1973 (1815 - 1902)
Suffragist and reformer. Stanton noticed from her earliest years that women were not treated equally with men. In 1848, she and others convened the first Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, bringing 300 individuals together, including Frederick Douglass. Stanton determined that the right to vote was the key to women's equality. Throughout her life and partnership with Susan B. Anthony, she wrote and argued brilliantly for women's equality through the right to vote.
Honored: 1995 (1936 - )
First woman to hold two cabinet positions as Secretary of Transportation under Ronald Reagan and Secretary of Labor for President George Bush. Dole later became President of the American Red Cross.
Honored: 1998 (1864 - 1922)
Trail-blazing journalist considered to be the "best reporter in America" who pioneered investigative journalism.